Architecture, magnificence, size and functionality of the direction of the first and the last unique application Hagia Sophia; Ottoman mosques on the basis of the inspiration for though, is a product of East-West synthesis. This work is among the most important monuments of world architecture has survived to the present day. Therefore, the Hagia Sophia, as well as the history, architecture, mosaics, and has attracted the interest of all mankind for centuries the Turkish era structures.
916 years Hagia Sophia church, mosque for 481 years, since 1935, continues its historic function as a museum.
Byzantine historians (Theophanes, Nikephoros, Grammarian Leon) the first Hagia Sophia Emperor Constantine (324-337) argued that the time to do. Basilica designed, wooden roofed building was burned down during a riot. No remains of this building have survived.
Emperor II. Theodosius Hagia Sophia was built in 415 and the second time it was opened for worship. The basilica was again burned down during the revolution in the structure of the planned 532 Nike. In the excavations carried out in 1936 it has revealed some ruins about it. They were steps indicating the entrance to the temple, columns, headings, various architectural parts.
Emperor Justinian (527-565) wanted to built a larger church than first two Hagia Sophia, Tralles and Isidoros of Miletos architects of the era of the famous Hagia Sophia was built in the extant Anthemios. column of Anatolia’s ancient cities, capitals, marble and colorful stone were brought to Istanbul to be used in Hagia Sophia.
The works began on 23 December 532, was completed on December 27, 537. Considering the architecture of a large central space, two side aisles (nave) absis, it occurred from internal and external narthex. Interior 100 x 70 m. The extent, and covered with four 55 m. in height, 30.31 m. in diameter covered with a dome.
As well as the architecture of the Hagia Sophia mosaics are also of great importance. The oldest mosaics in the interior narthex and side aisles are the gilded mosaic with geometric and floral motifs. Figured mosaics IX.-XII. It has been in centuries. They are on Emperor door, apses, exit doors and upstairs gallery shows.
Turkish period started with the conquest of Istanbul Hagia Sophia has seen several repairs. Surrounding the mihrab, the Turkish tile art and includes the finest examples of Turkish calligraphy. These Kazasker famous Turkish calligrapher Mustafa Izzet in the dome taken from the Lord of the Koran of 7.50 m. round plates in diameter are attracting the most attention. These plates, Allah, Muhammad, Umar, Uthman, Ali, Hasan, Abu Bakr, Hussein’s names are written. In the side walls there are signs that gift here, type the Ottoman sultans.
Sultan II. Selim I, Sultan III. Mehmet, Sultan III. tomb of Murat and princes, Sultan Mahmud fountain, primary school, soup kitchen, library, Sultan reigns of the sovereign court, muvakkithane of tombs the Turkish period examples of Hagia Sophia, interior design, pottery and architecture with classical finest Ottoman mausoleum tradition constitute examples.
Museum can be visited every day between 09:30 to 16:30 hours.
Is open to visitors every day except Monday 9:20 to 16:30 hours.
museum entrance in the courtyard, after centuries of being used again, the original door to the west. previous next to the entrance, the remains of a second building. Baptism of the interior corridors with non-5 corridor outside the door which can be entered, this opens the main door of the church to 9. The middle door was a high gate Empire. 9 mosaic panels on it. YY. end have been made. an emperor is willing to intercede before Christ Pantokrator sitting on a throne in the middle. Mary in mosaics on the side are portraits of Mother and Archangel Gabriel. Visitors in the main part of the other figurative mosaics on the ceiling of the interior corridors and side aisles Justinian period orijinalleridir.yap meets splendid and immense space. From the first step of the dome effect is felt immediately.
It seems as if hanging in the air and covers the entire building. The walls and ceiling are covered with marble and mosaics, a festival of colors. 3 different shades of the dome mosaics 3 shows the different repair cycle. While the world with the height and diameter of the largest dome still one of the great dome. Dome made because of the repairs is not a complete circle. North – South diameters of 31, 87 m. East – West diameter of 30, 87 m. The height 55 and 60 m. 4 pendants on which the dome 4 angel figure takes place in closed faces.
Rectangle, separated by a wide central space next column 2, dark nephs. Central venue is 74.67 x 69.80 m. Downstairs in the gallery and has a total of 107 columns. Sophia column headings entire structure of the most characteristic and significant classic, 6. YY. Are examples of Byzantine ornamentation. deeply carved marble, which is a feature of their period, a beautiful light, shadow reveals. In the middle of Emperor monograms. The antique porphyry columns in the corners, made of green Thessaloniki marble pillars and all made of white marble, adorned the heads of the rich processing leads to the old days.
Hagia Sophia basilica was used as scrapes the empty mosque or a museum, flashy, mystical, different, it is necessary to imagine the old original appearance. A great empire in the early church, situated in front of the apse cycle is split, altar, ambo and other ceremonial utensils covered with gold and silver plate, they were decorated with ivory and jewels. Even some of the doors were covered with such precious metals. Latin invade all of them and some other pieces of architecture in Europe by removing the lap of the Virgin Mary with baby Jesus ta┼č─▒m─▒┼čt─▒.apsis half dome is located right next to the archangel mosaics. Against the wall is destroyed, another angel figure.
Gallery level hanging on the walls, on the skin made of 7.5 m. The large dome diameter discs and inscription are reminded that the work is being used as a mosque. 19. YY. Written by the great masters of the period in the middle of this calligraphy is a masterpiece. Round table in God, the Prophet. Mohammed, 4 Caliphs and Hasan-Hussein names are written. beautiful examples of stained glass above the altar of the period built into the altar in the apse mosque, next to the pulpit and mevlithanlar balcony adds Turkish period. Located on the ground, made from pieces of colored marble frame portion, perhaps 12. century were added, the site where crowned Emperor.
Made of high quality marble is located in the middle of two global large cap space input side. The ancient origin of these vessels, now 16. century was brought from Bergama. In the northern corner of the building “sweating column”. surrounded by the bottom of a bronze band, there are plenty of tales and legends about the column that is a wish that can be inserted into the finger holes. The building has a ramp inside the north, the first of the buttresses supporting the outside. This ramp to the upper galleries. Building interior of the galleries surrounding the three magnificent space has a completely different direction. Empire has sections dedicated to women and church meetings.
North side of a 3 mosaic panels into a 3-figures in the south wing. South Gallery, under the sunlight coming through the side window, is the masterpiece of Byzantine mosaic art panels. The issue here, right in the middle of the wide range of final court scene; “Diesis” known, is triple figures. Jesus, Mary, in the middle of his right, while the left Hz. Located Yahya. Different background mosaics are further increasing the beauty of the figures, it is supremely realistic facial expressions.
12 in the bottom of the southern gallery. YY. The mosaic panel, the Virgin Mary and baby Jesus, Emperor II. Komnenus’un, Empress Irene is located in the side walls with Prince Alexius. Presented depicts the church donations, the leather pouch which should help gold. Hungarian-born empress’s race features; fair skin and light hair color is evident. The second panel here, the board depicts Jesus sitting next to Empress Zoe and her third husband Constantine is Monomakhos’, Konstantin’n inscription above the head and scraped, was rebuilt. The original mosaic was Zoe’s first husband.
The board of the Empire and the donation of gratitude church family seen while leaving the museum to symbolize a large mosaic panels 10 edilmektedir.i├ž corridor. Is-century. Figures distorted perspective: In the middle of the Virgin Mary and baby Jesus, and in the city as well, offering models with models offering the Hagia Sophia Constantine the Great and Justinian.
Exit partially buried in the ground BC 2nd. Tarsus-century huge bronze doors that have perhaps been brought from a pagan temple, is used here again. Built in different cycles in the garden of the museum has works of Turkish art. These are the tombs of some of the sultans, school, time settings and configure the fountain house. East fa├žade of the minaret 15, 16 in the west as well. They are joined in the century.