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Nemrut Mountain National Park, History of Kommagene

Nemrut Mountain National Park, History of Kommagene



This world-worn tumulus is on a hill overlooking the Euphrates River passages and ovaries at an altitude of 2206 meters above the Eastern Taurus Mountains.

On the monumental tomb of Antiochos I, the king of Kommagene I, a tumulus was formed by piling up crushed stones and pebbles, and a giant statue and relief stellar was made on the terraces around the tomb and the Greco-Persian style.

Nemrut Mountain Tumulus
Mount Nemrut, a conical tumulus built on top of small crushed stones piled, 2150 m. It is a magnificent cultural and tourist center. BC It is dated to the I. century and the original is 55 m. The height of the tumulus today is 50 meters, the diameter is 150 meters. On this hill where the sunrises and sunrise can be watched in all its glory, Antiochos I, the King of Commagene, built a magnificent monumental tomb for himself, a tumulus composed of crushed stones on the grave chamber, and sanctuaries surrounding the three sides of the tumulus.


The tumulus is surrounded by three terraces dedicated to the ceremonies honored by King Antiochos I. East, west and north terraces, these areas are called east and west terraces; There are magnificent sculptures, reliefs and inscriptions of 8-10 meters in height, formed by placing eight chipped stone blocks on top of one another in rows arranged in rows. The statues start with a statue of a lion and an eagle and end at the same level. The lion, the king of animals, symbolizes the power of the earth, the eagle of the gods, the celestial power. The sculpture is arranged on both sides as follows:

King I. Antiochos (Theos); Fortuna (Theichye-Kommagene-Goddess) Zeus (Oromasdes); Apollon (Mithras-Helios-Hermes), Herakles (Ares-Artagnes).

Nemrut Mountain National Park, History of Kommagene

In his cult inscriptions, Antiochos, who came from Darieos (Persia) by his mother from Alexander the Great (Greek-Macedonia) by his mother, turned this face of god sculptures east and west as a demonstration of turning it into a cultural richness by combining this ethnic difference from their ancestors. The names of the god sculptures have already been expressed in both Greek and Persian languages.

Nemrut Mountain National Park, History of Kommagene

East Terrace

Nemrut is the most popular place to be seen. There are giant statues of gods sitting in rows on a throne of about 10 meters in height. The faces of the statues are looking towards the sun. This patio is followed by the guardian eagle representing the kingdom of Commagene kingdom, guardian lion representing the dominance of the kingdom on the earth, sculptures of King Antiochos I, Kommagene (Tyche), Zeus, Apollo and Heracles of King Kommagene. The religion of King Antiochos And a social will (Nomos). There are relief stalks of the members of the family of the Commagene royal family to the north and south of the terrain. In front of these terraced statues, there is also a fire altar (Altar) and a lion statue sitting beside it. The birth of the sun in Nemrut is followed by this terastan.

Western Terrace

As in the East Terrace, there are the gods of the gods sitting on their thrones and the statues of Antiochos I, King of Commagene, and reliefs of the gods. There is also a lion horoscope relief about astrology. From the moon and stars on the lion relief, Milton was read before July 7, This date is the date of King Antiochos’ throne. The sunset in Nemrut is followed by this terastan.

North Terrace

The North Terrace is 180 m long, connecting the western and eastern terraces. It is a ceremonial path in its length. The terasta has incomplete steles and bases.

Commagene Works

Arsameia Ruins (Nymphaios Arsameia): According to the inscriptions of the King Antiochos I, Arsameia was mentioned in BC. At the beginning of the 2nd century BC, it was the capital and administrative center of the kingdom built by Arsemez, the leader of the Commagene, opposite the Old Kahta estate to the east of Kahta Creek.

On the way to the ceremony in the south, the Antiochos-Heracles hand-carved stele on Mitra’s ritual platform on the ritual platform, and the largest known Greek font in Anatolia in front of it, is 158 m. There is a tunnel descending deep and a similar rock deck to the west of the inscription. The platform on the hill is the grave temple and palace of Mithradathes Callinichos. A number of sculptures, a queen and Antiochos head were found in the palace excavations. Arsameia ruins, 60 km to Adiyaman. Away.

New Castle: 60 km to Adıyaman. It is near Kocahisar village in the distance. Built by the Commagene, the New Castle was used in conjunction with the other Arsameia. Restored by the Romans and then the Mamluks, the castle was recently partially restored by Dörner in the 1970s. Inside the castle there are bazaars, mosques, dungeons, waterways, pigeon house remains and inscriptions. The water route from the castle to the Nymphois began with a tunnel to Arsameia. It is possible to reach the water by this way which is 80 meters.

Karakuş Tumulus (Women’s Memorial Tomb): King of Kommagene II located at the entrance of Adıyaman-Kahta on the southwest of the National Park. The monumental tomb, built by Mithradates in the name of the mother of Jesus, is referred to as the Karakuş Tumulus due to the cardinal on the column. There are four columns in east, west and south directions and two columns in east, west and south. Above the eastern pillar are the remains of lion and eagle statues, on the western column there is a piece of lion sculpture on the ground with a hand-carved stencil. Nemrut Mountain is located in the protected area of ​​Karakuş Tumulus National Park which is determined as the entrance point.

Cendere Bridge: 55 km to Adiyaman. In the distance and in the northern part of the Karakuş tumulus. Kahta’s most shrinking section consists of two main rocks, a large belt made of 92 large cut stones, and a small tomb on the eastern side. XVI establishing headquarters in Samsat. By the Roman Legion There are columns at the entrance and exit of the bridge built at the beginning of 200. It is understood that the bridge was constructed on behalf of Julius Domna, the Roman monarch Septumus Severus, and his wife, who was called by the Romans to be the soldiers.

When is it going?

The best season for the exit to Nemrut Mountain is between May 15th and October 15th. It is best to observe the sunrise, sunset and visit the historical sites between these seasons.

How to get to Nemrut Mountain?

The most suitable season for the exit to Nemrut Mountain varies from the middle of March to the middle of November depending on the weather conditions. The sunrise and sunset in Nemrut mountain is as magnificent as it is nowhere else in the world. The sunrise and sunset have profound effects on the audience.

Nemruta transportation is asphalt until the village of Karadut, the later part is covered with locked paving stone. Touring is usually tour. Tours can be done with private vehicles or vehicles rented from Adıyaman and Kahta.


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