San Marino, Italy’s smallest border neighbor, is the third smallest country in Europe after the Vatican and Monaco. The majority of the country’s population, which is surrounded by Italy on every side, provides income from banking and tourism. The country is divided into nine administrative regions. Each of the nine zones is described as a castle, and each castle has a floor council. San Marino is a democratic Republic ruled by multi-party democracy.
There is no airport or train station in the country. Due to the fact that San Marino, with a surface area of 61.2 square kilometers, is not coastal, transportation is only provided by road and there are highways all over the country. Coins with the San Marino flag are also used in the country where the euro is used as currency. The country, which has diplomatic relations with more than 100 countries, is a member of many international organizations and organizations. San Marino is the oldest democracy in the world with the constitution made in 1602.
A small country, San Marino can be visited in a short time. There are also many buildings on the top of San Marino, where you can only take the cable car; The Basilica of St. Marino, built in the early 19th century, was the first tower built in 1253 as a watchtower tower, and it was built in 1253, connecting three towers at the top; The second tower used as the Black Collection Museum, the second tower, the third tower which is the symbol of the country with the other two bells, the Middle State Bastions, the State Museum which houses the archeology and painting gallery, the St. Fransis Museum built in 1376 with the fresco, paintings and sacred goods The Government Building is among the places to visit.
The Capital of San Marino, Cities and Zones
The capital of San Marino is the city of San Marino on Monte Titano. The greatest city is Dogana. The only neighbor of the country is Italy, which surrounds four sides. The administrative divisions are composed of nine municipalities called castelli. These municipalities are Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, Serravalle and the capital San Marino.
Where is San Marino?
San Marino, a city-state, is located between Emilia-Romagna and Marche in Italy.
Language spoken in San Marino
The official language is Italian. The Italian Nin Emilia-Romagna dialect is commonly spoken.
Religion and Faith in San Marino
More than 97 percent of the people of San Marino relate to the Roman Catholic Church. The rest of the population consists of Protestants, Jews, and other sects of Christianity.
A Brief History of San Marino
San Marino was founded on September 3, 301 by Marinus, a Dalmatian Christian master who escaped from the torture of the Roman Emperor Diocletian to Christians, and those around him. San Marino, which gained autonomy in the 9th century, became a republic in the 13th century.
How to get to San Marino
Even though passport control is not carried out during entry and exit to the country, it is necessary to cross the territory of Italy in order to enter the country. For this reason Schengen vision is required.
San Marino does not have an airport or train station. Access to non-coastal country is only by road. For this reason, the nearby Italian town Rimini can be reached by plane or train and then by bus to San Marino. Although Rimini is an international airport, there are no direct flights from Turkey. However, you can fly to Bologna or Florence and travel from there to Rimini by train. Getting to San Marino from Rimini train station takes about 45 minutes. In addition to buses departing from the station every hour, taxis can also be transported to the country.
Climate and Weather in San Marino
The Mediterranean climate is dominant in San Marino, which is in a low position. Summer is warm in winter, winter in warmer country. There is no snow or frost due to the influence of the Mediterranean climate. The highest temperature and lowest temperature during the year are around 11 degrees. The minimum rainfall falls in the country during the summer months. While the temperatures reach the highest values in the summer months, the winter months are mild. The average temperature in the winter months when the maximum rainfall falls is around 12-14 degrees. In the summer months the temperature is between 28-30 degrees.
San Marino’s Economy
The San Marino economy is considered highly stable and successful in the world public opinion. The most important source of livelihood in the country is tourism. The rest are banking, electronics and ceramics. Most cheese and wine are produced in the food sector. Besides these, wheat, grapes, corn, olives are produced in agriculture. Livestock breeding cattle, pigs and horses are common. Although the country is not rich in natural resources, developing financial resources and the tourism sector complete this shortcoming.
Social Life in San Marino
It is based on the will of the citizens of San Marino, so there is a safe and secure life in the country. Although the people of San Marino speak Italian and speak Italian, they call themselves San Marino. They do not like Italian tastes at all. It is the symbol of San Marino’s Three Fortified country. These three castles are on the country flag and in the arms. One of the famous symbols of the country is the chocolate and cakes produced in these states.
San Marino is the most common sports futbol. But San Marino is often ridiculed with unsuccessful results from the national team.
Transportation in the country is provided by road. There is no airport or railway access. There is a small army of San Marino to ritualistic patrols, patrolling the borders, guarding government buildings, helping the police to deliver criminals to the police in major crimes, and defending the country. This army is the smallest army in the world.
San Marino Cuisine
The San Marino cuisine carries the characteristics of an Italian cuisine. Especially the San Marino cuisine, which resembles the cuisine of the Emilia-Romagna and Marche regions, is the most authentic dish of chocolate cakes produced in San Marino’s Three Towers. As in Italy, cheese and wine varieties predominantly form a large portion of the cuisine. There is also a small wine industry in the country. Coffee and especially espresso are very important in the kitchen as it is in the Italian kitchen, one of the richest and healthiest kitchens in the world.
Many flavors such as pizza, pasta, ice cream, parmesan cheese, mozzarella, tramezzino, antipasti, tiramisu, panna cotta, saltimbocca, zuppa inglese, castelli romanian and frascati which the Italians make to the world cuisine have an important place in San Marino cuisine. There are many restaurants on the top of the country. Restaurant Pizzeria Nido Del Falco, restaurant Righi la Taverna and restaurant Walter e Lella are some of these restaurants where traditional Italian dishes are served.
San Marino Festivals
San Marino Jazz Festival
San Marino Ethnological Festival
Adriatic Music Festival
Holidays / Holidays / Important Days in San Marino
New Year’s Day (31 December – 1 January)
Yortu (January 6)
Italian National Day (April 24)
Labor Day (1 May)
Italian Republic Day (2 June)
Italian Religious Holiday (August 15)
Day of the Saints (November 1)
Italian Religious Holiday (December 8)
Christmas (25-26 December)
* The dates of the holidays that do not specify dates vary according to the year.