Australia is an island country located in the southern hemisphere. It lies between the Indian Ocean and the Pacific Ocean. Oceania is located in a large part of the continent and the continent containers. Australia, 8.61793 million square kilometers of land, established a total of 8.69885 million square kilometers, an area of 80 920 square kilometers, including the water.
No country has no land border. There are only around 25,760 kilometers of coastline.
Australia and is a haven of natural beauty and biodiversity. Numerous national parks, protected areas and a natural habitat. Country, to maintain the seed security is very strict laws apply.
Capital of Australia, Cities and Regions
Australia’s capital, Canberra, is the largest city, Sydney. Other important cities of Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide are. The country has 6 states: New South Wales (NSW), Queensland (QLD), South Australia (SA), Tasmania (TAS), Victoria (VIC) and Western Australia (WA)
Where is Australia?
Neighboring Indonesia, East Timor, Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, New Caledonia and New Zealand is.
Spoken Languages in Australia
The official language of Australia is English. English is spoken by about 81 per cent of the population. In addition, 12 per cent indigenous languages are spoken in the country. Aboriginal language spoken by the natives of the country as well as in Italian, Arabic, Greek and Vietnamese is spoken by various minority groups.
Religion and Belief in Australia
There is no official religion accepted in Austria. The period of 61 per cent of the country’s population are Christians. The 25 percent of the majority Christian population is Catholic. In addition to the 22 percent of the country’s population does not belong to any religion.
Australia A Brief History
The first Europeans who saw the Australian mainland, according to official records, is a Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon. Janszoon has seen the Cape York Peninsula in 1606. 17. Throughout centuries, the Dutch have mapped the entire western and northern coastline here and have named as New Holland. However, they did not show any effort to build a residential location.
James Cook in 1770, has made the journey from Australia’s east coast, the region mapped, has declared that the British annexed the region called New South Wales. As a result of the discoveries made time for my continent’s exploitation it has led to the rapid establishment of colonies for labor of prisoners and detainees.
Long years of British colonial rule, which many legal connection between Australia and the United Kingdom, Australia in 1942 and ended officially accept the 1931 Westminister Act. The last legal ties between Australia and the United Kingdom, Australia Act of 1986 ended with.
What time to get to Australia?
internal areas of high temperatures in summer, rainy summer the northern regions. Therefore, this should be preferred to visit in the spring and fall. In southern climates such as Sydney it is convenient to go every year. Australia is in the southern hemisphere summer months range corresponds to January and February.
Depends on the climate, ocean currents driving force in Australia. Dry and wet periods are observed. It shows large differences in the intensity of rainfall during the year. General climate characteristics of the tropical climate, which is time. The south-west of the country’s climate shows Mediterranean climate features.
Australia has a free market economy. Gross domestic product per capita is higher, the poverty rate is low. Australian dollar; Christmas Island, Cocos Islands and Norfolk Island, as well as independent, including Kiribati, including all of Australia being the currency is the currency of Nauru and Tuvalu islands. Sydney Futures Exchange and the Australian Stock Exchange Australian Securities Exchange after the merger in 2006, was the world’s ninth largest market.
2010 Economic Freedom Index of the field to third place in Australia, is the world’s thirteenth largest economy and has the highest GDP per ten first person; the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Canada and higher than Japan, and the United States are in the same order. In the 2010 Human Development Index, second, Legatum has taken the first and sixth in The Economist’s 2005 global ranking of quality of life in the 2008 Prosperity Index.
Social Life in Australia
Australians are extremely friendly, open and relaxed and the people who love to establish direct communication. Extremely unpleasant practice which included an egalitarian society such as class discrimination and racism in Australia. Such reacted against every kind word or act. Gender equality has been achieved in all areas of social life. Rule-abiding, gentle and respectful people. left, as traffic in Australia England. infrastructure services such as social services and transportation is extremely developed.
Australian barbecue for their love of eating outdoors is an activity that is very popular in the country. The country’s fusion cuisine, has an enviable reputation worldwide with valuable chef.
almost every kind of fruit and vegetables thanks to the Mediterranean climate in the country (200 varieties) grow. The surrounding islands and long, which is widely fishing as a result of natural coastline, seafood is particularly rich in shellfish.
They gave the name of golden syrup with a sweet sauce and a kind of bread made by participating Dampers sun-dried tomatoes, stuffed steak and sautéed oyster flavor among the most valuable in the country. Australia’s most famous desserts prepared with cream and fruit Pavlova, coconut, with a kind of cake covered with chocolate and sugar mixture is lamingtons and Anzac biscuits.
Macadamia nuts are also one peculiar to Australia. Australia is also one of the best pasta producer in the world. The world’s best ginger is also grown in this country. Australia, which has attracted attention with fine wines obtained from vineyards.
Country, there are three film festivals. These Adelaide Film Festival, the Sydney Film Festival and Tropfest Short Film Festival.
Sydney Gay and Lesbian Mardi Gras every year since 1979 in an LGBT pride parade and festival held in Sydney. It is one of the largest festivals of its kind in the world. It is also one of the most attractive tourist events in Australia.
local people of the country to experience the culture of the Aborigines in Australia for many festivals are organized. They include Spirit in Adelaide Festival (February), in Melbourne Indigenous Arts Festival (February), and Homeground in Sydney (April).
Australian Open is the most important sporting events in the country, held every year in January at Melbourne Park, the first of the four Grand Slam tennis tournament in the world. First tournament in 1905, chronologically other Grand Slam tournaments, the Wimbledon, French Open (Roland Garros) and the US Open is held before. The Australian Open is the second highest participation after the US Open tennis tournament.
Gifts are to be imported from Australia
All of Australia’s major cities, you can find world-class shopping centers. In some cities, including market days, many of these stores has a large deficit. Because Australians prefer these large shopping malls for shopping.
In Australia, kangaroos here between what you can buy unique, kaolin A, Tasmanian devil trinket counted. Australian wines out of it is also very important; A good gift for yourself and your need to be close to both. Moreover boomerang that are specific to the country and is a nice gift option. At the end of all kinds of shopping, next to you to show your passport and on condition that it leaves open the packaging of the country held at the mall, you can do duty-free shopping.
Holidays in Australia / Holidays / Occasions / Public Holidays
· New Year (January 1)
· Australia Day (26 January)
· Canberra Day (March 9)
· Good Friday (March 25)
· Easter (March 28)
· Anzac Day (25 April)
· Labour Day (May 1)
· Queen’s Birthday (June 8)
· Christmas Holidays (25 December)
· Boxing Day (26 December)