the pulse of the thick layer of ice in Iceland, adjusted to sleeping angry volcano under heartbeat.
Iceland’s giant Vatnajökull ice layer (Varna glacier), there’s almost as much ice as the sum of all the other glaciers in Europe. Wales or New Jersey’s approximately half (about 10 thousand km2 of Bursa in size) that covers an area of sea ice, a dozen large glacier is pushing its own sea level. When the road along the coast watched Vatnajökull, resembles a wilderness where there are live.
black pebbles at the base, when measured from the ash and sand desert glacier, encompassing from the mountains that prevents rising and all forms of life by creating a plain white occurs as a layer thickness of 800 m. However, living in a kind of fiery and geological here is certainly present. Boundless ice desert, sometimes growing slowly but constantly according to a violent volcanic heartbeat and shrinking.
Vatnajökull, the movement that never stops, not nearly so large as that of a small town, although mostly in the UK and Iceland view as an island with a population scattered in the narrow coastal strip is not surprising. Geologically the island of Iceland is still new and in formation, stands on a basalt rock in the 6.4 km thick. This rock formation is over for the last twenty million a year on the Mid-Atlantic Mountain Ranges’ hot spot, namely Europe and North America, under the influence of continental drift slowly apart discharged from a deep cleft formed by secession from.
Iceland’s surface composed of volcanic rock persistent 2 million years ago, about ten thousand years ago ended the last Ice Age glaciers carved a result of the 1.6 km thick in the case. volcanic mountains in the middle of the country, there is a brutalities consisting of the crater and lava. one tenth of the land covered with lava from the volcano 200; so that the size of this one even larger than 2600 square kilometers of lava fields.
The first records of Iceland about 1,500 years ago, M.S. who lived between the years 484-578 priest of Clonfert monastery in Ireland County Galvvay St. It goes to Brendan. St. Brendan, the Vikings settled in Iceland (M.S.874) had come to ride up and down many times in America 300 years ago. It was assumed that once fancy way notes for this trip, but scientists today agree that this may be true.
When the Vikings came islands, known as a particularly suitable place for agriculture. However, 14. Starting hardened century island climate, glaciers expanded, and especially the sea ice has increased excessively. 19. Towards the end of the century, climate softens again, still due to the island’s agriculture glaciers covering one tenth but could be done in a limited space.
Icelanders have to understand the ever-changing nature of the ice all the time. A 18. century scientist, loved by Palsson Dunn’s words, “The ice is melting yarısıv the nature and mites also like to pitch.” Warmer valley every year up to 800 m by grinding ice penetrating, creates deep cracks poured over rugged rock bed. When access to the lower level and not at the point of melting, engraved stones from rocks, gravel and leads to a pile of rubble vomited into a full-rack consisting of sand into chaos.
An Icelandic saying, “returns the glacier takes,” he says. In 1927, John Palson name a postman, passing through a snow bridge over Breidamerk Glacier, fell into one of these slots with four horses. Seven months later, all the bodies to the surface; This circular movement of the upper glacier ice slides dipde merely down to go up on the ice, he pulled them back over water.
Large volcanic eruptions in Iceland’s history, and as a part of today. One of these was held in 1783 in the biggest fear-inspiring, and the earth is considered the largest lava eruption of modern times. The peak of the mountain during the eruption in Vatnajökull in southeast border Laki split almost from start to finish, filed 100 separate craters in an area of approximately 24 km. Lava spread over an area larger than 520 km. It took three months for a full lava flows, covering the island like a blanket over the blue haze of pollution otlaklann and led to the death of three of the four livestock. This ‘Misty Famine’, ultimately led to about 10 thousand people die of hunger.
In the early hours of the morning of January 23, 1973, Vestmannaeyjar (Western Islands) on Heimaey, one of the 15 islands, quiet ride for almost 5 years now judged to be extinct Helgafell Volcano awoke from a long sleep. split in the immediate vicinity of the town limits, emerged a curtain of flame longer than 1.5 km. A great chance was anchored in the harbor during a storm the town and the fishing boats towards the 5000 islanders were moved to a safe place at noon.
But the lava did not take much time to infiltrate the town and several houses burned, he seized the seat of fire. When it comes to April, lava, which is still progressing despite the very large operation for cooling with seawater, the eastern part of the town was full of lava and is buried in the dust. Volcano secretion within a few weeks we ended up swallowing the whole town. Heimaey the eastern coast of prolonged; A new direction emerged port protection wall.
Volcano fire with glaciers determines constantly changing mood vatnajökuu met. The result is very evident, especially in the middle of the ice cover and create views from time to time so surprising when viewed from the plane: under cover of ice that melt the ice formed booming Grimsvotn volcano 3 km wide blue lake. Usually the lake is covered with ice layer, therefore consisting of melted water to survive, even when they appear as a giant puddle.
Ice on one side of the desert will prevent water flowing into the valley of seeing a full set task. Despite rising lake waters 12 m and a 5-10 year ice this year under the force required to cause me accumulate ‘glacial flood’ cause called a saddle. Lake waters, taking into volcanic mud flows towards the plain below, until the lake level drops 215 m. Laki fault is an extension of the southwest line of Grimsvotn, a city the size of London, electricity and heat generating enough power to meet the ihtyac is part of a hidden giant geothermal region. Grimsvotn occasionally makes it more than just heat pumps and energy. 29 May 19- year, seismographs that shook the entire glacier t. vibration caught. A pilot, volcanoes erupt from the water that covers consisting of ice and 8 km until the clouds had reported the creature. Volcano melting ice has created a huge crater in a bowl full of excreta and floes. A few days after the eruption stopped and returned to the ice.
Skeidararjökull at the southern mouth of the glacier Vatnajökull melts in advancing a river snaking on a gravelly plain. Ice has melted on one side of a lake, consisting of water. At the end of the lake waters rise so high, breaking all ice gets into the floor like a giant sluice gate. The gushing waters of a glacier advances boom sweeping plains and delete all everywhere fills a wreck. East Glacier scraped from the high valleys of the Breidamerk clay and nose with prominent rock band that extends folds. The glacier ends in a lagoon and great noise giant ice breaking off from time to time zones, as an iceberg starts swimming in the lagoon.
These two are the glaciers in the middle of a small island of ice or more. Oraefajökull, but it is the source of many of the glacier covers a volcano. Europe’s third highest volcano Vesuvius Oraefajekull the first 14. century, the second one is 18. history has made two very destructive eruptions, including the century.
below the glacier shortly exceptional area consists of barren land ‘Oraefi’ meaning ‘wild’ as it is known. This vast territory in the south once said could not pass even a mouse. Now, coastal paths, which is a green oasis Oraefajekull once isolated in this protected wilderness that carries visitors. none of this explosion of glacier Skaftafell named offensive and succeeded in escaping the influence. This bush area was once farmland, now in birch, rowan and willow trees became a national park with the variable landscape of green hills.
spilled from a point 25 meters Svartifoo Falls, it has created vertical stacks resembling organ pipes poured through two layers of volcanic basalt columns. And it provides a vantage point on a long narrow ravine landscape. Here, tourists, at least in summer, the ice castle Oraefejökull of this vast and eerie landscape with winding rivers flowing into the sea in a land filled with barren valley opportunity to watch in a safe manner.
Above the glacier
When the region is as close Vatnaiökull life fluctuates. Snow, sun, wind and ice, recreates the texture variations in line and surface reinforcement where the hare. The dawn and sunset will make a full bath on this ice cover fire. This ever-changing view of the depth of the ice ‘premises, has created caves in from the glass melt water from the filter, creating a blue potpourri of sunlight.
Heights etched beneath the contaminated broken nose volcanic wreck glaciers, glacial rivers are the hundreds of folds. The roar of flowing water often hastily, or overturned on ice! One can hear the noise.
they explore the surface of the glacier, the feeling that at any moment the giant doors of an animal stepped on the tremble that can react with a sometimes fatal.