The capital of the country is Windhoek. The territory of Namibia is divided into 14 regions. Each region is managed by the regional council and is further divided into 6 to 13 different electoral districts according to the size of the region. There are a total of 107 electoral districts throughout Namibia.
With the reform in 2013, the area previously called Kavango was divided into two, and two new regions named Kavango West and Kavango East were formed. The name of Caprivi region was changed to Zambezi and the name of Karas region was changed to Karas.
Namibia in South Africa is bordered by Zambia and Angola in the north, Botswana in the east, and South Africa in the south and east.
Languages spoken in Namibia
The Afrikaans language is spoken by both white people and politicians. Unlike countries like Botswana, South Africa, which have the same cultural background, most of the politicians here speak Afrikaans. The most common of the local languages is the Damara language, and Otjiwambo and Okaharara are widely used in the northern regions.
A Brief History of Namibia
The Namibian lands, San (Bushman), Damara and Namaka peoples have been settled by Bantu immigrants since about 14 centuries since the early ages. Most of the land was in the German Empire in 1884 and remained German colonial until the end of World War I. The League of Nations, in 1920, left the country to the mandate of South Africa.
South Africa applied its own legislation on the territory of Namibia and the apartheid policy after 1948. Walvis Bay Harbor and the Overseas Penguin Islands, which were annexed by the Cape Colony under the British Royal to 1878, have become an integral part of the new South African Union, founded in 1910. The rebellions and demands of African leaders led the United Nations to assume direct responsibility for the territory of Namibia. In 1973, the UN recognized the South West African People’s Organization (SWAPO) as the official representative of the people of Namibia.
Namibia, however, was South African in this period under South African rule. South Africa established a temporary administration in Namibia in 1985 due to domestic violence. Namibia achieved full independence in 1990 from South Africa (except Walvis Bay and Penguin Islands, which were under South African control until 1994).
When to go to Namibia?
The period from April to October is the most favorable visit period for Namibia. Even though night temperatures are low in this period, daytime temperatures and low rain make it an ideal environment for daytime cruising.
How to get to Namibia
There are no direct flights from Turkey to Namibia. You can fly via Frankfurt, Cape Town, Johannesburg via various airlines. Flight takes 15 hours.
Climate and Weather in Namibia
The country in general has a hot and dry clit. Temperatures throughout the year are dominant in the desert regions of Namibia, which has a subtropical climate. Temperatures in desert regions, which can be measured at 25 degrees Celsius and even in winter, are up to 30 degrees in December and January, the hottest months. While the temperature values during the day are watching at this level, the temperatures can fall to the freezing point of the nights.
Temperatures in the valley between the two deserts of the country are lower than those in the climate desert region. These regions can snow in winter and frost can occur. The Caprivi country of the country receives abundant rainfall during the year compared to other regions. Rivers and tropical forests, which are formed by the effects of precipitation and have continuous water, form a more humid environment than other regions of the country. Rainfall in the country, but a few torrential rains usually fall in November and April.
The Namibian economy is intertwined with South Africa due to their common history. In Namibia, the major economic sectors are agriculture (5 percent), mining (10.4 percent), production (13.5 percent) and tourism. There is also an advanced banking infrastructure in Namibia. Because the country has the highest income inequality rate and low GDP in the world, most of the population lives in rural areas and most of the population living in rural areas is engaged in agriculture.
Although only 1 per cent of the country is suitable for agriculture, about half of the population agriculture to make a living. For this reason, Namibia can not afford agriculture itself, and some products are imported.
Social Life in Namibia
Although the country’s territory is large, it has a relatively small settlement population. The majority of the Namibian population lives in the lesser cities and the northern regions, which have more fertile soils than the south. 44 per cent of the country’s population is living in Omusati, Oshana, Ohangwena and Oshikoto areas.
The three-quarters of the Namibians live in the central part of the country’s capital, with only 7 percent of the population living in the south of the country. The population living in the western part of the country excluding the port cities and in the Namib Desert is almost inexistent.
Namibia Population According to the 2011 Human Development Report, while the highest quality of life in the African continent was in the second country, it ranks 120th in the world rankings.
Although the divergence between whites and blacks in the country is not as sharp as in South Africa, it is seen that people belonging to both groups live in different neighborhoods. Local people in Namibia are conservative. They have a style that is far away from the show and not very clear. Without permission, they can react harshly to the withdrawal of their photos. Photography is especially prohibited in state buildings and military areas.
The country kitchen has been shaped by the cooking techniques of the local tribes, and the English, African and German influences. Local tiles use fruit, nuts and vegetables in the kitchen. Hunting is an important activity in food consumption of local people. Many wild animals from crocodile to buffalo meat are cooked locally. Classical beer and schnitzele are found in the German-based kitchen.
The culinary sector is not well developed because the agricultural possibilities are limited in the country. Smoked meat is very consumed. From vegetables and fruits, avocados, bananas, oranges, mandarins, pineapples, peanuts, tomatoes, kiwi, beans, onions, potatoes, celery, millet millet, corn, rice and wheat are grown.
The National Independence Day, celebrated every March in the country, takes place in a festive mood with festivals all over the country. And as a result of long years of being influenced by German culture, the famous German beer festival Oktoberfest is also celebrated in October in the capital Widhoek.
Holidays / Celebrations / Important Days in Namibia
Independence Day (March 21)
Labor Day (1 May)
Cassinga Day (4 May)
Africa Day (May 25)
Heroes Day (August 26)
International Human Rights Day (10th Century)
Noel (December 25)
Good Will Day (December 26)
* The dates for which the dates are not mentioned vary with the day.