Tiwanaku (Tiahuanaco) is a city in Bolivia where prehistoric civilizations ruins are found. The Tiwanaku word means ‘stone in the center’ in Aymara language. The ruins of this city with an altitude of 4000 meters above sea level and inefficient lands are UNESCO World Cultural Heritage since 2000.
Although a considerable part of the ruins in the city were destroyed by building materials plundered during various periods, Tiwanaku still contains many works that have survived to this day. El Fraile Statue, Sun Gate, Kalasasaya Pyramid, Acapan Pyramid are some of them.
Looking back on these works, it is understood that those who made these works are quite advanced in stone processing and architecture, and that these works have come into being with great effort and effort. It is known that the stones used in the constructions are made up of tons of stone and 300 km from the stone stove. The most important monuments in the city are; The Acropolis is the Pyramid and the Sun Gate.
With the appearance of the Acapan Pyramid underground, this pyramide was found in sewers and tunnels. The Sun Gate is carved from a single piece of an andesite, 3 meters high, 3.75 meters wide. Assumptions collapsed during an earthquake and divided into two parts. In 1908 it was reoriented. A relief at the top of the door symbolizes one of the Tiwanaku gods.
There are still many assumptions about who built the Tiwanaku. The people living there, Chinese immigrants, as claimed by the Vikings, are the most powerful of these, with Tiankaku’s view that the inhabitants of the people living around Titikaka Lake. Another curious thing about Tiwanaku is why there are so many huge buildings in the city.
But the answer to this question is not fully known, but there are opinions based on knowing, astronomy, and religion of the purpose of making these works. When the works are examined; Social, cultural, astronomical and religious motifs.