Topkapi Palace, the largest field in the world has reached up to the present and is one of the oldest history House. After the conquest of Istanbul was the capital of the Ottoman Empire and a Center for the management of the State’s needs. For this purpose the construction of Topkapi Palace Sultan Mehmed’s conquest of İstanbul in the next few years, so have started in 1460, the construction was completed 18 years.
The Golden Horn, the Bosphorus and the sea of Marmara in İstanbul’s Sarayburnu port at the end of the peninsula between approximately 700,000 sqm was founded over a very wide area. First name meaning “new House” Saray-ı Cedîd-I Âmire is the name of the Sultan Palace 2. Additional buildings in Mahmud, renovation and expansion work by became known as “the Topkapi Palace”. Sultan Mehmed had used to jerk off to the Sultan Sultan Abdülmecid from this Palace, about 400 years, as the State administration, arts and Education Center has been to benefit. Dolmabahce Palace in 1853 of the dynasty migrated vacated from the time of the Ottoman Empire to the present day, the Topkapi Palace, has maintained the importance of each period.
on April 3, 1924, and has been used as a Museum in our country since. Today, covering an area of 400,000 sqm House, East by the sea Walls, built by Fatih Sultan Mehmed Sur by land-I Sultani deviates from out of town with. In its various architectural structures, collections and look for accommodation around approximately 300,000 Archive document with one of the world’s largest museum House.
What Are The Parts Of The Palace?
Surrounded by gardens and squares to Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sophia Mosque is entered from the side of the raft of tanat Gate. After entering the Palace various architectural structures in the four courtyard meets us.
The First Courtyard
The first courtyard, called “Regimental Square”, the public will have access to references, in which the Government Mint, oven, guard, roundwood, the hospital and the Byzantine Church of Hagia Irene and external services of the Palace structures is the courtyard.
The Second Courtyard
“Divan Mei!” called the State administration structure in the second Courtyard. Throughout history, many who witnessed the ceremony, divan meetings of the divan meetings this courtyard, Divan-ı Humayun (Dome) building with Divan-ı Humayun’s treasure. These structures represent the Ruler behind Justice Justice Tower. It’s also in the courtyard, the Harem Suite entry, Zülüflü Baltacılar Ward, with additional service buildings and the Palace kitchen cülus, Eve, and the funeral will be unfurled in as Grand Vizier, Serdar-ı Ekrem, which is delivered to war Babüssaade.
The Third Courtyard
This episode also called “Enderun Courtyard”. Here the Palace University (Enderun), throne room, supply room, Enderun Treasury, sacred relics, the Sultan stands out as ready to part with. The Throne Room does accept foreign Envoy sultans, they spoke with the senior bureaucrats here. 18. located in the middle of the third century and the courtyard of the Turkish architecture Baroque style Ahmet III Library compliance is one of the most beautiful examples.
The Holy Relics Section
In this section 16. century after the conquest of Egypt brought İslam to Topkapi Palace relics are preserved and exhibited. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) swords, bow, Cardigan-ı Sheriff, seal, beard-ı Sheriff, letter and footprints in this section are protected. In addition, the manuscript for the first one, the Kaaba, the Holy Quran Kerimlerden keys, of the companions of the swords are also exhibited here.
The Fourth Courtyard
In this section, hanging gardens, mansions, belonging to the Sultan of Ottoman architecture, the finest examples are shown between the circumcision room, with Baghdad and Revan Mansions İftariye’s Bower. In addition to a lower level in the fourth Courtyard of Kara Mustafa Paşa Köşkü, the Head Physician of the wood Tower and Sofa Mosque during the reign of Sultan Abdülmecid made with Mecidiye Köşkü and Esvab in the last period of the Ottoman Empire the Chamber House made important architectural structures.