The first city walls of Istanbul, was built while in the small village of Ligos Seraglio and extended throughout history. The biggest contribution was made Roman emperors Constantine and Theodosius. When in need in the framework of doors and bushings added, when appropriate to the sea side walls are built.
The total length of Istanbul city walls are about 22 – 23 kilometers. 8 km from the Black side of the Golden Horn side is about 6 km and 9 km from the sea side. Walls can say that as someone who easily navigate from start to finish: At the same time, one of these walls form the symbol of Istanbul, is currently suffering internal unfortunately!
Construction of the walls
The biggest difference from the classic medieval city walls of Istanbul city walls, is also being built with aesthetic concerns. Cooperation is a tremendous example of Roman military and city engineering. Even as a source I read a determination: “Constantinople walls, very proud of the Great Wall of China was do a better job.”
The construction of the walls; special sand brought from the island of Malta, a certain temperature baked brick, it is known that solid rock fragments and used egg whites. When you look at the walls of the touring big stone, you can see some signs: crosses, stars, floral motifs, and even articles … Historians Based on this icon, the walls are used in making some stone blocks, they are interpreted as they used detached from other buildings here.
Walls of Istanbul
The history of the land walls in Istanbul, belonged to the village where there are Ligos before Megaras. There is no precise information about the current Topkapi Palace, but is estimated to be smaller. Later King Byzas walls slightly expanded and strengthened in relative terms. Of course, they are much smaller than today’s walls and weak.
Structure of Istanbul Sur
Later conquered Istanbul on behalf of Septimius Severus in Rome, he has expanded the city walls to pull Çemberlitas level. The walls of the capital city of Constantine the Great who (4th century) pulled back further: Approximately Sultan Selim top of the line … Finally in the 5th century the Emperor 2.Theodosius walls brought to its present borders. For centuries, the walls resist many attacks, “Theodosius Walls” This is why it is called as.
Black walls, in the strongest and most powerful part of the entire structure. This is the first front row consisted of 2 small and rear walls as well as one layer to be great. in front of the first fortifications were deep and wide trenches. so much for the cause of making the complex the land walls of the attacks is that over the centuries have come up here. He induced a burr in terms of the defense counsel were much more important. length was 5,600 meters of the walls on the land side.
Dimensions of the walls
The front walls are approximately 8 and a half meters high and has a thickness of nearly 2 meters. The rear walls had a height of 14 meters and 5 meters thick. I mentioned above the moat of 20 meters wide and 5 places and was determined to have a depth of 8 meters. a tower every 60 meters is known to have been built. This tower of the average of the walls 2.5m – 3m known to be higher. There were rowdy right at 5 meters in Export.
Of course, here we need to remind you that in the centuries constantly repaired, altered, destroyed the walls and floor shifter is not expected to have the same height and thickness almost everywhere.
Roman Period Repairs
Istanbul Sur Map
Istanbul Sur Map
The land walls were repaired in the 5th century as the first Roman period. The second major repair work is carried out in the 8th century. Because the walls are made during the Arab invasion in the 7th century it was quite damaged. After the 9th century, immediately after and much needed repairs were done in 1204 in Latin invasion. walls like every place in Istanbul on time because the Catholic Empire was quite neglected reed and disinterested.
In the young Sultan 2.Mehmet the last major improvements were made just before the conquest.
Haliç walls were built in the period 2.Theodosius. One of the walls is 6,200 meters at the speed today, unfortunately there is nothing much. Because this is the year of the conquest, settlement, trade center and is made of sandalwood (I’m not sure a lot of this information) was used as a field. In just now on this side of the estuary of the Ottoman Empire, it was a place where the factories and the establishment of workshops.
Walls in the lower estuary of the Land Walls, had a special section for throwing darts. Romans captured the Golden Horn confident in the famous chain, this one was as close to walls.
Sea walls also called Marmara walls, as far as I understand was built later. Here come the attack does not seem to be unlikely. Sea of Marmara strong currents and strong winds blowing in the shadow of the enemy fleet he brings quite a hassle. As far as the Arab navies it has been ineffective due to the sheer nature of the events here. So no need even to show strength.
If you do not stumble Carthage after the fall of the sea was no longer recognizing the serious threat could come and where the stones were piled into a wall in the real sense. Probably it was built by Constantine the Great in again. In the 8,200-meter route the inner harbor in places of Marmara walls was taking place.
Istanbul Sur Doors
Istanbul There are different opinions on many sources on the number of city gates. Many do not match. The reason is that, for centuries continuously örülüp some door is opened to the new location. Therefore, there is a serious information pollution about it.
However, what is known is used in which period the doors. Constantinople was the capital the day, it was not until the day of the Roman city walls of Istanbul doors are closed at night, during the day opened. After Sultan Mehmed the Conqueror’s conquest is not seen this much needed. Already environment of Istanbul was the Ottoman Empire completely. So there is a safety issue. In fact, some historians write that much later, the walls were repaired, some sources I’ve read have allegedly been repaired. I think it is not unlikely.
Ramparts and ditches Istanbul
As far as the Sultan 2.Mehmet, while he himself, as determined by the 27 door, the rest of it closed. There are various information about the number of gates, as I mentioned above. I, therefore, who have done serious research on this topic Khaldun would like to share their Hürel the figures with you: the land walls (Yedikule – between Ayvansaray) 12, Golden Horn walls in (Ayvansaray – Seraglio between) 16 and the sea walls in (the Marmara side) 9 door He determined that he was a great master. Add a note, according to the master again he was in a total of 13 gates in the Topkapi Palace walls.
Walls of Istanbul Doors
Some doors are prominent land walls of Istanbul are:
Golden Gate (Porta Aura)
Yedikule Gate (Pentapirg a)
Belgrade Gate (Ksilokerhos)
Mevlenakap in (Region)
Sulukule Gate (Hagia Kiriaki)
Eğrikapı the (Kaligari A)
Aya Kalinkos (no longer available)
Cirkoport (no longer)
Istanbul Golden Horn Walls, Doors
Istanbul Golden Horn destroyed most of the doors in the walls, so although the rest of the names are as follows:
Trench with Istanbul Walls
Trench with Istanbul Walls
Rocky Door (Petrio’s)
Old and New Moon Doors
Istanbul Marmara Walls Doors
Istanbul doors of the Marmara walls were unfortunately not able so survive. Names are as follows:
Palace Gate (Palatium Magnum)
Lange Door (Vlanga)
Samatya Door (Psamati A)
Pomegranate Door (Yannis)
Istanbul is like I told the story of the city walls and city gates. this article in the future, I hope I will update with sophisticated story of the gates.