Volkan, if necessary, simply to tell the world ‘s natural gateway that opens to the surface of the magma layer. There are hundreds of volcanoes on Earth, but some are more famous stories and explosion due to the current active cases. Continue reading to learn more.
Studies show that each year around the world was exploding around 60 active volcanoes. Most of them are under the ocean and has attracted the attention of geologists these explosions. Indonesia, Japan and the United States are among the countries that recorded in the past a large number of volcanic eruptions. This quiet giant has the potential to become one of the most powerful and destructive volcanoes. Let’s look closely at some of these worldwide famous volcano.
1) Mount Vesuvius, Italy:
This volcano in 79 AD buried at least 16,000 people were killed under the ashes the entire city of Pompei lead. The thing that makes the Vesuvius volcano, one of the world’s most important, all the Pompei of volcanic ash is maintained in such a way that people and animals. History of Vesuvius in 79 AD after the big bang showed that at least 40 times explode. Vesuvius volcano ash causing damage not active when liquid lava spray and volcanic bombs. In addition, this volcano is one of the world’s most densely populated volcanic field, which makes it one of the dangerous volcano Vesuvius.
2) Cotopaxi Volcano, Ecuador:
Today, forming a part of the Andes mountain Cotopaxi is one of the volcanoes in the Pacific Ring of Fire. 86 Cotopaxi with a registered explosion is considered one of the world’s most active volcanoes. In the past the worst explosions 1744, took place in 1768 and 1877. If this volcano explodes 2,000,000 today ‘that the person’s life than to continue to constitute a potential threat to the city of Quito and Latacunga.
3) Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii:
Kilauea Volcano is one of Hawaii’s most famous volcano. This volcano is located in the southeastern part of Hawaii and a large part of the volcano remains under water. This volcano is surrounded by four major volcanoes and together they form an island. Kilauea Volcano earlier time is considered the most famous active volcano.
There are several legends associated with volcanoes and eruptions. Currently crater was formed in 1790, and comprises a visible pit crater called Halemaumau. This boom began in 1983 and has been one of the active volcanoes in the rest of the long boom.
4) St. St. Helens Volcano:
this volcano exploded in 1980 is considered as one of the worst explosion in the history of the United States. About 120 years ago, it has fired the first time. May 18 explosion in the 1980s it was strong enough for about 30,000 nuclear bomb explosion. Explosion was recorded as 5.1 on the Richter scale and caused the collapse of the northern part of the mountain and led to the overthrow of the large amount of debris avalanche. Explosion took more than nine hours and caused the burning of the forest area of 150 square miles. This despite warnings before the explosion took the lives of 57 people.
5) Mount Fuji, the volcano:
One of the world’s most famous volcano is Mount Fuji. Which erupted in December 1707 and continued until January 1708 explosion with Tokyo smothered in ash. This mountain has a height of approximately 12,000 feet remain covered with snow for most of the year so. Although Mount Fuji is an active stratovolcano, Mount Fuji “active but severe risk of explosion is low” is classified as an active volcano.
6) Mount Bromo, East Java, Indonesia
Bromo Tengger Semeru National Park which is known for its breathtaking summit of the volcano. This is one of the active volcanoes and ash hair up to 700 meters into the air when it exploded in December 2000. The explosions began again in January 2011 and lasted until about a week. Mount Bromo is one of the two volcanoes that formed after a huge explosion. If they are on the other is inactive Mount Batok.
7) Mount Pinatubo, Philippines:
Located in the Cabusil Mountains Mount Pinatubo in Luzon island, it has erupted at the end of 1991 and thus 20 years. It has become the largest and most famous volcanic eruption of the century. Volcano magma approximately 2.4 m3 and a large amount of pyroclastic material has hair over the world. This boom also coincided with the onset of a typhoon is therefore caused ash and rain mix. This has led to pollution of the river ecosystem. Aerosols are formed by a layer in the stratosphere and the temperature for 2 years worldwide about 0.5 ° C (0.9 ° F) caused the decrease.
8) Krakatoa volcano in Indonesia:
Krakatoa volcano in Indonesia constitutes an island and is known for its eruption in 1883. Volcanoes exploded so loudly that it can be heard from the main flashpoints up to 3,000 miles. The explosion of Krakatoa island also 2/3 led to the destruction of 36,000 people and caused the death or injury. months after the incident, even human corpses were found in the water while swimming. The northern part of the Krakatoa volcano has surfaced recently returned to the water and began to create a new name in the same location. This island ongoing formation “Anak Krakatau” (Child of Krakatau) is called.
9) Mount Etna, Italy (Sicily):
3329 meters high Mount Etna is the highest active volcano in Europe is. Situated on Sicily’s east coast is a stratovolcano ‘it is. Etna volcano is active and is remarkable for a while so close to civilization should be done more detailed research. Half a million years of volcanic activity continues until today. The most characteristic feature of this volcano has shown more than once, are the smoke ring. For the first time 1970 is recorded in s reiterated the smoke rings in 2000.
10) Mount Mayon, Philippines:
Symmetric conical shape with perfect cone shape with known or Mount Mayon, an active volcano in the island of Luzon in the Philippines. This volcano is a “stratovolcano” This is the kind and the “Pacific Ring of Fire” is the part of the. The only perfect cone-shaped volcano Mount Mayon in the world’s longest boom period took place on June 23, 1897. This boom has continued uninterrupted throughout the day, 7 days a nearby village was buried in lava up to 15 meters. Recently recorded eruptions July-October 2006, August 2008, July 2009 – January of 2010 and in the range of the explosion, there was no loss of life and property.
11) Mount Popocatepetl, Mexico:
Middle Mount Popocatepetl in Mexico, is an active volcano stratovolcano variety and is believed to be 730,000 years old. Since 1991, gases began to regularly spray is considered to be muted until this year. Popocatepetl is 5426 meters high mountain is one of Mexico’s highest peaks. Normally, this volcano was covered with glaciers, but the increased volcanic activity and ice covering the volcano was lost due to warmer temperatures.
12) Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland:
Mount Eyjafjallajökull crater with a diameter is between 2 and 2.5 miles, 1653 meters high. Also recently, which broke out in 2010, it is one of the world’s most famous active volcano. The explosion caused a giant ash cloud that caused the closure of European air space around it. This explosion has caused the loss of the airline industry millions of dollars.
Other famous volcanoes;
-Raini Mountain, Washington
-Mahogany The Loa, Hawaii
-Pelé Mountain, Martinique (Caribbean Islands)
-Soufrièr Hills Volcano, Montserrat (Caribbean Islands)